How to ensure IT-Security

To minimize IT risks and ensure both IT security and information security, companies need to take a variety of measures. These measures can be implemented at different levels.


The measures always have to be set in relation to the security gain and the value of the systems to be protected

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


1 Encryption

  • Plain text is converted into cipher text

  • This cryptographic text can only be decrypted by the person authorized to do

  • The conversion is done by complex algorithms

       → The calculation only works in one direction

       → Without the key, reconstruction is not possible

When can encryption be used?

  • For exchanging messages
  • For secrets (of a company, e.g. product secrets)
  • Encryption of personal data
  • Encryption of drives

There are different methods of encryption:

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.1 Symmetric encryption
  • The encryption and decryption keys are the same

  • The communicating parties must have the same key in order to achieve communication

  • The transmitter has to share this key with the receiver

    → Example of an symmetric encryption algorithm: AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)

Advantages:
o   Faster than asymmetric encryption
o   Ideal for large amounts of data
o   Ensures confidentiality of the data transmitted

Disadvantages:
o  
Integrity and authenticity are not guaranteed







_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.2 Asymmetric encryption
  • A pair of keys is created
    o  
    Public key (Encryption)
    o   Private key (Decryption)

  • The receiver provides the public key 

  • The transmitter wants to send something to the receiver
    He takes the public key and encrypts his message

  • The receiver can use the private key to decrypt the message

    Example of an asymmetric encryption algorithm: RSA, ECC (Elliptic Curve Cryptography)

Advantages:
o   High security
o   No key needs to be exchanged secretly as with symmetric encryption

Disadvantages:
o  
Slower than symmetric encryption

Use cases: Mail communication, digital signatures, cryptocurrencies, public key infrastructure










_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.3 Hybrid cryptosystem

Tina wants to send a message to Darina.

1.     Darina generates a private and a public key

2.     Darina sends the public key to Tina

3.     Tina generates a session key for the current session

4.     Tina uses the session key to encrypt the message

5.     Tina encrypts the session key with Darina’s public key

6.     Both (the message encrypted AND the encrypted session key) are sent to Darina as one package

7.     Darina receives the package

8.     Darina decrypts the session key with her private key

9.     The message can be accessed with the decrypted session key


→ Uses key encapsulation (with public and private keys) and data encapsulation (with session key)


Advantages:
o  
High level of security because message and key are encrypted

Disadvantages:
o  
Slow and complex
o  
With large amounts of data it needs a long time


→ Use cases: Mail communication, IPsec

Last modified: Monday, 10 May 2021, 1:11 PM